What is the Best Way to Read Zhuangzi?

Hackberry Tree

It’s summer time, which means some of us have more time to catch up on the things we miss. For my brother and I, we chose to revisit The Complete Works of Zhuangzi (2013) and found it more enjoyable than the first time we read it (in full). Additionally, we realized that some chapters are worth a deliberate pace while others are worth a mere glance.

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Thoughts on Implicit Bias

Pope Innocent X by Diego Velázquez
Pope Innocent X by Diego Velázquez

In The Zhuangzi, it is written that Confucius says there are two decrees in the world. One is fate and the other is duty. I’m not sure exactly what he means by fate – whether it is determinism involving no free will, propensities mental or physical, or simply death – but it is written that an example of fate is that a son would love his mother, presuming normativity. To put this more generally, the decree of fate is that some things are the way that they are. The second decree that he mentions, the decree of duty, is that a subject would serve under his ruler, that is, one is subject to certain things. Continue reading Thoughts on Implicit Bias

The Tao in Relation to Everything

 

Pheasant,_Great_Argus_2012
Angus Charles Graham’s Disputers of the Tao cites that the Argus Pheasant is the legendary Peng.

The Tao is said to be many things. Among such are emptiness, nothingness, spirit, the way, unity, dung and so on and so forth. If you have a clear idea of what the Tao is, then either you are a sage or more understanding need be had by you. Perhaps the Tao can be approximated from infinitely many distinctions, but that directly contradicts the idea of the Tao. For now, let’s define it simply as The Way. In our Taoist musings, we made reference to some God Tao; this is a mistaken (and satirical) view, but it needs clarifying how the Tao clearly relates to us and everything around us.

Continue reading The Tao in Relation to Everything